Whilst the peace accords achieved their immediate purpose of putting an end to the bloodshed, they also froze the ethnic divisions in place and bequeathed an extremely complex system of government, which has made governance extremely difficult. Today, Bosnia and Herzegovina comprises two entities: the Federation of BiH (further subdivided into 10 Cantons) and Republika Srpska. Formally part of both entities is the Brcko District, a multiethnic, self-governing administrative unit.
OHR is an ad hoc international institution responsible for overseeing the implementation of civilian aspects of the Peace Agreement ending the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The position of High Representative was created under the General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina, usually referred to as the Dayton Peace Agreement, which was negotiated in Dayton, Ohio, and signed in Paris on 14 December 1995. The High Representative is working with the people and institutions of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the international community to ensure that Bosnia and Herzegovina evolves into a peaceful and viable democracy on course for integration into Euro-Atlantic institutions.
The OHR is working towards the point where Bosnia and Herzegovina is able to take full responsibility for its own affairs.
Milestone Anniversaries of the Dayton Peace Accords
In accordance with the requirement in UN Security Council Resolution 1031 (1995), the High Representative must submit bi-annual reports to the Secretary-General for transmission to the Security Council. These reports note developments relevant to implementing the General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina and the obstacles it faces. They also provide detailed insights into the steps to advance BiH institutional functionality and progress towards EU integration.
Each report is a lengthy textual document written for an expert audience and requires a detailed analysis. But, for this project, we have decided to visualize the most mentioned words in reports published during the special anniversaries (Year 5 – Year 10 – Year 15 – Year 20 – Year 25 of the Dayton Peace Accords). That way, we can gain valuable insight into prominent terminology associated with those symbolic milestones. The more a word was mentioned in the report, the bigger its visual representation and, by extension, its relevance.