Srebrenica: Mapping Genocide


Year of Production
2010
Location of Production
Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Original format
Documentary Animation (DVD) and Website
Language
English and Bosnian
Theme
Srebrenica Genocide (1995)
Researched Period
1992 – 1995 (with focus on summer 1995)
Outreach
Global
Description
The project contains 17 animated maps organized chronologically and in line with methodologies adopted by institutions collecting and archiving documents related to Srebrenica genocide and genocide in general – as identified by a number of respective studies. Each map has key points containing particular evidence (text files, photos, video clips).
Note
Project Leader: Youth Initiative for Human Rights – YIHR BH / Inicijativa mladih za ljudska prava BiH (www.yihr.org ). Independently of FAMA Collection, the Project is also hosted at www.srebrenica-mappinggenocide.com.
To mark the 15th anniversary of Srebrenica genocide (July 2010), a special edition of the project was issued on DVD and 20,000 copies were distributed (free-of-charge) as a supplement in daily newspaper Oslobodjenje.
Project Leader
YIHR - BiH
For Project Leader
Alma Masic, Director of YIHR BH

FAMA TEAM

Author and Team Leader
Suada Kapic
Editor
Vildana Smailbegovic
Creative Director and Creative Team Leader
Jelena Oksenfeld
Documentary Animation
VIZUAL Studio
PR and Project Promotion
Una Bejtovic
Copyright
© FAMA International

Methodology

Because of their influence, those who watch, observe, analyse and explain meaning to the masses are considered a kind of elite; however if this elite use faulty methodology or have impure intentions, it can lead to disastrous consequences. We, the founders of FAMA, the first independent multi-media company in the former Yugoslavia, were fully aware of the sensitivity of the area in which we chose to invest. From the very beginning of the disintegration of Yugoslavia, we knew that documentation, of all types and forms, would play a vital role in the fate of current and future generations. In keeping with our own personal principles, our methods rely on fact, oral history and recorded documentation (documented documents). It is through our unique insight and gift of foresight that we have been able to develop a step by step methodology that 'makes the obvious visible'.

PHASE 1
Gaining insight. This involves watching events attentively with an open mind as an observer rather than a participant, in order to note significant elements of the observed phenomenon; then putting these elements together to identify early signs of any emerging dominant trends that might launch a new process of cause and effect.

PHASE 2
Continuing research through oral history. Those who participated in an observed event talk about their own experience of it, without commenting on other participants. These elements are recorded in photo/video format.

PHASE 3
Structuring the research. Putting first hand facts and documented documents of a particular event, period or phenomenon into a structure that transfers this knowledge in a form acceptable to an audience, devoid of any indicators that would point to a conclusion. Readers, viewers, students, researchers draw their own conclusions on the basis of the given format.

PHASE 4
Converting the structure. This phase involves producing a format suitable for mass production (maps, albums, films, encyclopedias).

PHASE 5
Creating a study pack. We have created an educational pack consisting of different sections that can be used for different levels of education, as our unique contribution to the interpretation of the period 1991-1999.

MAPPING GENOCIDE

The process of genocide is a series of events that take place according to the specific form that has its own stages, and which is characterized by a certain 'internal logic'. A genocidal process has a beginning, a structured course, and its conclusion. Firstly, it starts with identification of the target group (victims usually selected based on an affiliation to a group or category of population) that is subjected to persecution or destruction. Secondly, it is the expropriation of the property of the identified target group that takes place; thirdly, the identified group has to occupy a unique territory; fourthly, the group has to be expelled, and finally significant number of the group members has to be killed. Although in reality those stages can swiftly take place one after another, it has been noted that depending on circumstances, first stages of persecution may be conducted in public, whereas later stages are usually shrouded in secrecy. (Ton Zwaan "On the Etiology and Genesis of Genocides and Mass Crimes Targeting Specific Groups")

CONCEPT
In order to find a modern and user friendly tool, particularly intended for younger population, we adopted documentary animation as a new model of presenting facts (established through a comprehensive research) through modern technology. The project contains 17 animated maps organized in chronological order, in line with methodologies adopted by institutions collecting and archiving documents related to Srebrenica genocide and genocide in general – as identified by number of respective studies. Each map has key points containing particular evidence (text files, photos, video clips).

OBJECTIVE
The purpose is to introduce the project as a universal educational model for interpretation and understanding of genocide mechanism (causes and consequences). The model is based on facts exclusively, with no comments or conclusions that might influence users' own conclusions. The Project will be available to general public in several stages. Firstly, it is envisaged as a communication tool for young people of Bosnia and Herzegovina and Serbia, and at later stages, for youth across the region and the world. The project uses variety of communication channels: Internet, public screenings, presentations, lectures and discussions.

CONTENT

Introduction
MAP 01: HOMEPAGE
MAP 02: THE SETTING
MAP 03: JULY 6th, 1995
MAP 04: JULY 7th, 1995
MAP 05: JULY 8th, 1995
MAP 06: JULY 9th, 1995
MAP 07: JULY 10th, 1995
MAP 08: JULY 11th, 1995
MAP 09: JULY 12th, 1995
MAP 10: JULY 13th, 1995
MAP 11: JULY 14th, 1995
MAP 12: JULY 15th, 1995
MAP 13: JULY 16th, 1995
MAP 14: JULY 17th, 1995
MAP 15: JULY 18/19th, 1995
MAP 16: MASS GRAVES
MAP 17: EPILOGUE

METHODOLOGY
The project development lasted for a year, after completion of comprehensive research of available documents, testimonies, studies, books, movies, and photos.

Sources and documents reviewed, selected and used in the project
• ICTY: International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia in The Hague
• UN: Kofi Annan, UN General Secretary Reports, according to the General Assembly Resolution 53/55 – Fall of Srebrenica, November 15, 1999
• REPORT: Tadeusz Mazowiecki: Mass and individual liquidations of civilians, August 22, 1995
• THE NETHERLANDS: NIOD Report: Srebrenica. Reconstruction, background, consequences and analysis of the fall of the safe zone (The Netherlands Government investigation on the massacre, April 2002)
• RS REPORT: Commission for investigation of the events in and around Srebrenica during the period 10-19 of July 1995, Republika Srpska, Banja Luka, June 2004
• Helsinki Human Rights Committee - Serbia (Archive and publication "Srebrenica from denial to confession" edited by - Sonja Biserko)
• SENSE Tribunal (special project of regular monitoring of ICTY work and ICJ and ICC activities
• Richard Butler: Statement on military events in Srebrenica: Operation "Krivaja 95"
• ICTY TV: The Hague Tribunal decision on Radoslav Krstić; Confessions of the massacre perpetrators Dragan Obrenović, Momir Nikolić, Dražen Erdemović
• Ton Zwaan, "On the Etiology and Genesis of Genocide and Other Mass Crimes Targeting Specific. Groups""
• FAMA: Archives collection
• ICTY TV: Trials broadcast
• MEDIA: BBC, New York Times, Washington Post, Radio France International, Oslobođenje, Liberation, Newsweek, Reuters, Guardian, Time, Associated Press, and the World Press Photo
• DOCUMENTARIES: Sense Tribunal "Beyond Reasonable doubt" directed by Mina Vidaković (Special thanks to the Agency Sense Tribunal for the video material), BBC "A cry from the grave" directed by Leslie Woodhead , Roy Gutman ; "Safe Haven: The United Nations and the Betrayal of Srebrenica", directed by Han Ziv
• BOOKS: Chuck Sudetic "Blood and Vengeance", Mark Danner "The Killing Fields of Bosnia", Samantha Power "A Problem from Hell: America and the Age of Genocide", Tarik Samarah "Srebrenica", Emir Suljagić "Razglednice iz groba" (Postcards from the Grave)
• ARTICLES, ESSAYS: Julia Bogoeva "The Morbid Perfection of Crime", Latinka Perović "Duboki muk – još uvek" (Deep Silence, Still), Jean Rene Rues, Interview: "Srebrenica is more than a tragedy"